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Divorcees & Committed Same-Sex Couples part 1

Wallis Simpson & Prince Edward
Wallis Simpson & Prince Edward

Yesterday, The Final Report of the Motion 29 Working Group (on blessing Committed Same-Sex Couples in the Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia) was published. The PDF downloads by clicking here. There is an article about it here. And the Ven. Dr Peter Carrell begins his series discussing it here. This will be debated at the Christchurch diocesan synod (March 3). Tonight there will be the first of four pre-synod meetings on this. And General Synod Te Hinota Whanui (GSTHW) meets about this in May 4-11.

I want to approach this slightly differently.

Many people are sloppy about the Anglican approach to marrying divorcees – especially about its history. The Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia practices such marrying (see the Canon of Marriage).

Individuals’ protestations notwithstanding, the Bible is no straight-forward help. There are at least four different approaches that can be argued from the Bible alone:

A) The Bible is against divorce, and the Bible is against marrying divorcees;
B) The Bible allows for divorce, but the Bible is against marrying divorcees;
C) The Bible allows for divorce and marrying divorcees in specific cases, ie. adultery and desertion;
D) The Bible allows for divorce and marrying divorcees in a variety of situations.

I do not want this thread to become a debating place around these four options – the purpose of this post lies elsewhere – but I would say the strongest argument, in the context of a New Testament community that understood the imminent end of everything, lies with (A). If you want to pursue this further, see Jesus and Divorce [and do follow through with other texts such as Romans 7:2-3]. When, in Mark 10:2-12, Jesus argues against divorce by going back to the story of Adam and Eve, those who use his words as an assertion that marriage is limited to “male and female” miss the context. Jesus illustrates with a story where remarriage after divorce is impossible: if Adam and Eve split up, there’s no one else for them to be married to! In any case, people who treat this creation story literally feed into the church’s poor relationship with science and evolution. Only last week, I was walking into a museum exhibition with some newly-made friends. One carefully checked that I would not be upset or offended: the exhibition was about evolution.

Before proceeding, an important conclusion at this point is highlighting the inadequacy of sola scriptura here. Each of the four positions can be held with integrity by those who hold a sola scriptura/Bible-alone position.

Those who want to press for an early-church pro-divorce-and-remarriage position often point to Eastern Orthodoxy. But Westerners can too easily misunderstand Orthodoxy’s framework where “economy” allows for human weakness by providing for different types of second or third marriage. Westerners can mistake this for their approach of marrying divorcees into the equivalent state of the first marriage.

Let us move on with the primary thrust of this post.

Within the Christian family of churches, Anglicanism long held one of the strictest understandings and practices of marriage. The Church of England, at the time of Henry VIII, maintained this rigorous practice. They did follow the Western understanding of being able to annul an invalid marriage. Henry VIII’s “divorces” were all annulments (and then there were his marriages until death!)

This strictness against divorce and remarriage is the only explanation for King Edward VIII’s abdication in order to marry the divorcee, Wallis Simpson. It is the reason why Prince Charles could not be married in church to the divorcee, Camilla Parker Bowles.

The Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia inherited this Church of England stringency. The Anglican Church in Aotearoa, New Zealand and Polynesia still explicitly teaches that the doctrine of marriage is that it to be between a man and a woman, life-long, and monogamous.

Yet – and here comes the point of this post – this church has, for half a century, had a canon which allows marrying divorcees.

One might argue that authorisation of this canon was the death of the strongly Anglican principle Lex orandi, lex credendi (“the law of praying is the law of believing”). One might argue that people are simply blessing adultery.

Regulars here will know that I wrote an Open Letter requesting an explanation of the discrepancy between our teaching and our practice.

No answer has been forthcoming in the 20 months since that letter (which was sent by the Church’s General Secretary to Standing Committee, etc).

But in The Final Report of the Motion 29 Working Group a possible response can be gleaned.

In Section III (page 4) it says:

In other words, the reality is that there are differences in this Church over whether blessing same-gender relatonships is consistent with the Formularies or not. GSTHW is entitled to have regard to such differences in opinion when deciding what matters will be disciplined.
Second, the WG is satisfied that the changes are constitutional for two reasons. Firstly, even if it was generally accepted that the Formularies were clear on this issue, the Church is still able to regulate for itself what it does and does not discipline. Secondly, granting immunity for the authorisation and use of services blessing same-gender relationships is not, in and of itself, unconstitutional.

This appears a good answer to my Open Letter – in fact, the only one I can think of: there are different interpretations in our church on the nature of marriage; even even if it was generally accepted that the Formularies were clear that marriage being “life-long” means life-long – the Church is still able to regulate for itself that it does not discipline those who, in good conscience, decide to marry after divorce; and that the Church does not discipline those clergy who, in good conscience, decide to officiate at such a wedding.

Read Part 2 in this series here.

Comments are to follow the usual culture of this website: no anonymous comments; no ad hominems. We have a culture here of light not heat – we can disagree with each other’s positions respectfully. Also be conscious that, reading your comments are real people – many readers have suffered significantly around the issues dealt with in this series.

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12 thoughts on “Divorcees & Committed Same-Sex Couples part 1”

  1. After all, Bosco, there is a seeming lack of discipline in respect of whether the Formularies for worship are followed or not 🙂

  2. Father B, I have read the document and your’s & Dr Carrell’s Part One posts.

    As a member of the LGBTQ community, if I lived within the boundaries of your province, I would be as nervous as a long-tail cat in a room full of rocking chairs! No solid solutions that they can rely upon. A lot of talking about them while they are in the room, but no evidence of actually talking to them. So much concern over the possibility of what happens to those who don’t want anything to do with LGBTQ folks.

    IIRC, this is the second round of a group/committee tasked with the subject. The first was The Way Forward, correct? The group whose leader, a bishop (or primate?) was so happy that they had managed to recruit a group of folks to talk about “the gays” without any of “the gays” in the group to corrupt it’s conversation or tabulated results. Was this second group the same, no LGBTQ folks represented in its membership?

    I’m reminded of the scripture that speaks of not being able to serve two masters. It’s speaking of double-mindedness, a cognitive dissonance. That is what I see in the ACNZA&P’s future. You will erect so many structures to protect everyone’s feelings on the matter, that you won’t even see that you will become two churches pretending to be one!

    The same road down which the Church of England has set off over ordained females, especially bishops. Perhaps your two churches will bump into one another in the Emerald City. Although I dare believe that the great and powerful OZ will be of any help.

    1. Thanks, David.

      I regularly describe church as structurally divided (say) by vertical lines [Roman Catholic; Presbyterian; Anglican; etc] while the real differences and networks can be pictured by horizontal lines [passion for justice & contemplation; evangelical; pentecostal;…]

      Scholars often, now, speak not of “Christianity” but of “Christianities”.


    1. Peter, when I read online (and hear IRL), in response to this report, LGBTQs write (and say) comments like “No more talk about us without us!” I wonder if, if there is such representation, that has been made public – I certainly have missed where the representation you refer to is publicised. Blessings.

    1. Yes, thanks, Chris – worth placing alongside NZ RC bishops talking about a Galileo moment for the church – where it needs to listen to young people in relation to LGBT. Blessings.

  3. Hi David
    I accept Bosco’s point – there has not been publicity about this and thus it is not for me to publicise how many or who – that is a choice which the WG itself needs to make, or should have made. But I think it worth saying to the generalised question (and concern) was there a voice within the group or not, that the answer is, Yes there was.

    1. Now you make the membership of the WG sound secretive and that the LGBTQ member(s) might be closeted!

      For the sake of transparency, one would expect that everything here would be above board and uncompromised; who each of the members is and what POV on the topic each one represented!

  4. One cannot but wonder – at the contrary views on whether LGBT voices were listened to by the WB panel; one would need to consider the degree of proportionate representation of both pro and anti voices to adequately assess the validity of the outcome.

    Also, as Bosco has already pointed out, the official celebration of Second Marriages for Divorced people is seemingly accepted by both pro and anti-divorce and remarriage advocates – with clergy able to decide whether (or not) to be personally involved. Surely, the issue of S/S Blessings is no less a pastoral exigency, worthy of consideration?

    There has been no change in our Church’s official position on life-long Marriage, yet this pastoral move to marry people outside of the ‘tradition’ has not caused a split in the Church! Why should a Blessing of a loyal relationship – akin to marriage – be treated any differently? Jesus said lots about fidelity in marriage and nothing about S/S/ relationships.

    (I suspect the notion of homosexuality is just a ‘step too far’ for some. Is this the reason – despite the Church’s readiness to accept S/S/ relationships – for the prurience of some to overcome the openness of others- whose lives happen to be differently ordered.)

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